A Complete Guide to CBD

CBD is a type of compound called cannabidoil. CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis sativa plant, which is also known as marijuana. CBD, or cannabidiol, is found primarily in the flowers, and leaves of the hemp plant. It is one of many powerful compounds, known as cannabinoids that is found in hemp. There are over 113 unique cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, and CBD is one of the most common of them.

What is CBD?

CBD is a plant compound found in many nutritious vegetables including kale, broccoli, and Echinacea. It is most abundant in hemp. When ingested in concentrated form, CBD is known to promote balance and tranquility. Unlike THC, which has strong psychoactive effects, CBD has a calming effect. It is the most promising cannabinoid compound from both a marketing perspective.

When Was CBD Discovered?

It was in a project in the 1940s that CBD and THC were first isolated. But the chemical structure of the CBD wasn’t described until the mid 1960s. There’s been a debate as to who to attribute the discovery of CBD and THC to, Raphael Mechiulum or Roger Adams. But we are glad for whoever it was that made the discovery.

How CBD Affects the Body and the Brain

The human brain is made up of numerous neurons which communicate with themselves through a structure known as synapses. Synapses consist of a receptor and a transmitter. When a synapse is active the transmitter releases molecules that are absorbed by the receptor but when a synapse is inactive, there is no communication between the transmitter and the receptor.

CBD interacts with the brain similarly. When introduced into the bloodstream, CBD molecules activate some groups of receptors. They are:

  • CB1 and CB2
  • Serotonin
  • Adenosine
  • Vanilloid

These receptors may interact some body functions such as pain sensation, appetite, memory, anxiety, and mood. These functions have a lot to do with the effects of CBD.

Can you get high from CBD oil in the UK?

Taking a high quality CBD oil whether that be Full spectrum CBD or an isolate will not get you high.  CBD oil traditionally does not have any THC in it in the UK because THC is illegal.  If there is any THC, there will be trace amounts up to 0.2% which are due to the product being full spectrum and contains many other good compounds found around CBD.  In Europe trace amounts of THC up to 0.2% are with in the law.  Reputable suppliers will have third party lab reports that show exactly what is in their product.  There are two main cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant: CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) “CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won’t have any effects like euphoria,” says Junella Chin, DO, an osteopathic physician and a medical cannabis expert for cannabisMD. “You won’t feel sedated or altered in any way.”

Not all CBD is created equal.  Remember this.  Currently the FDA does not regulate CBD, because of this, it is possible to buy a product that is more or less potent than advertised, or even contains small amounts of THC or other contaminants.  It is very important to buy CBD products that come with authentic third party tested lab reports; this will assure the ingredients quality and at the very least you will know what you are putting in your body.

Different Ways to Consume CBD

CBD is available in several forms. This allows people to tailor their method of use to their specific need. Here are the most common forms to consume CBD.

CBD Edibles

CBD Edibles are one of the most popular ways to take CBD. They are affordable, portable, discrete, and tasty. There is also no guesswork involved. While CBD oils are incredibly beneficial in their own way, more and more people are starting to prefer the chewy (and tasty) doses of CBD gummies. They are a great, fun way to get your daily cannabidiol fix, and indeed they generally offer all the same benefits as conventional CBD oil. You know exactly what dose you are taking. CBD gummies (and other forms of CBD edibles) can be a wonderful option for those who do not enjoy the “earthy” taste of CBD oil.

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CBD Vaping

Inhaling vaporized CBD oil, like e-cigs for CBD, is the fastest way to experience effects. Compounds are inhaled and absorbed directly from the lungs into the bloodstream. CBD vape oils can be a very potent (and tasty) method of consuming cannabidiol, but the idea of inhalation is (understandably) not appealing to every individual.

The jury is still out, though, on whether vaping does damage to delicate lung tissues. You should proceed with caution if you choose to vape CBD.

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CBD Oils

This is a very common method of consuming CBD. CBD oil can be added to any food or drink or taken directly.

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CBD Drinks

CBD beverages are tasty drinks mixed with CBD that are available in many forms like CBD tea or CBD smoothies. They have many flavors and can be consumed throughout the day. It is the best choice for users who want their CBD to taste delicious and want to use CBD conveniently and discreetly in public. CBD beverages (including things like CBD syrup and CBD tea or coffee) are also becoming increasingly popular, as they present another option for consuming cannabidiol in a convenient, effective, and delicious way.

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CBD Topicals

CBD topicals are available as creams, lotions, and lip balms that are applied directly on your skin. They provide mainly local effects with only minimal amounts absorbed and circulated through the skin. They are not as potent as most of the other methods of consumption, but they are safe and non-toxic.

It is the best choice for users who desire rapid local effects and want to improve their quality of life, e.g., in case of sports recovery, skin improvement or when experiencing local pain or inflammation.

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CBD Tinctures

CBD tinctures are the result of immersing hemp buds in heated alcohol. Flavors can be added to the CBD for a better taste. It’s a choice for users who do not like the taste of pure CBD. This is because tinctures are water-soluble with a wide range of flavors.

CBD tinctures are very much like oils, but they are applied through the underside of the tongue, from where it enters the bloodstream. It is applied sublingually, just about 2 drops under the tongue through a dropper. It enters the bloodstream very quickly through the sublingual artery. Only a few drips are applied as they are highly concentrated.

Click here to see some of the best CBD Tinctures.

CBD Sprays

Some CBD oil sprays are usually bottles with a nozzle that disperse CBD in droplet form. They are available as mouth sprays while others are meant to be applied locally on affected areas.

It’s the best choice for users who need a convenient CBD product that is suitable for all possible cases and doesn’t draw attention from aside.

CBD Powder

CBD powder refers to CBD isolate which is the purest form of CBD. After extraction from the hemp plant, other compounds are removed and the CBD is filtered down to the highest concentrations. It is the most potent CBD product that can be consumed in many ways. For example, you can put it directly under your tongue or add it to your drink.

It’s the best choice for users who need a large amount of CBD for long periods due to severe conditions e.g. people who experience strong pains.